BC AYN 1677
Annual Report (AR) beginning:
January 1 (GongLi 公曆, 1678 BCE); "Gregorian calendar."
Ecclesiastical Lunar New Year
In order to acquire a Universal Syphers™ verified “marker year” (¤) for Chinese monarchs consider the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project placing the end of Xia and the beginning of Shang around the mid 17th Century BC, then acquiring Universal Syphers™ verified marker year is as simple as synchronizing GuiHai (癸亥) the 1st year of the reign of Tang (湯) with the nearest 60th year of a sexagenary cycle to the mid 17th Century BC, and that is BC AYN 1677; the 60th year of the 16th Chinese sexagenary cycle (beginning BC AYN 2636) making this a “marker year,” (indicated by the ancient universal symbol for the sun and therefore the year: ¤ in the Universal Syphers™) and after accomplishing this synchronization the time-line is calibrated and the verified time-line can be expanded in both directions.
King Jie of Xia
31st/31 and last year of King Jie of Xia (桀: Chieh/Xieh); "chicken rooster," the son of Fa of Xia as a result of the war between Xia (夏); "summer," and Shang (商); "trade or commerce," in the 18th year as leader of the Shang (商) tribe, a Xia (夏) state, Tang defeated King Jie of Xia, and he got his throne in the year of GuiHai (癸亥).
During Xia Dynasty, some groups of people are referred to as the Yi (夷); “barbarian.” The first Chinese dictionary: Shuowen Jiezi by XuShen Yi (夷); interpretation: “big bow.” The character itself consists of two Chinese characters Da (大) meaning “big,” and Gong (弓) meaning “bow.” DongYi people are usually referred to as the eastern bowmen, who also first invented the bow in China. JiuYi (九夷 c.f. JiuLi: 九黎; black [birds]); “9 wild barbarians or wanderers,” or in modern terms the 9 tracks (warped or bowed part) of the solar system, is an alliance of ox-totem southern proto-NanMan (南蠻) people and bird-totem (phoenix) eastern proto-DongYi (東夷) people after JiuYi (九夷); “9 wild, barbarians or archers” who were subdued by HouYi (后羿) in BC AYN 2115, the year of the Biblical tower of Babel incident. The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian uses the term “ManYi” (蠻夷); “savage barbarians” but not “DongYi.” The Book of Han (5th Century AD) calls Hui (濊); “vast, expansive or deep” the chief in the Korean Peninsula as DongYi.
The leader of the Yi (夷); “wild, barbarian, archer” or “rainbow people” in the east known as DongYi (東夷); “eastern wild or barbarians,” is ShaoHao’s (少昊, BC AYN 2556-BC AYN 2473) also known as QiongSang (穷桑); the “poor mulberry tree.”
The proto-NanMan (南蠻); "southern uncivilized" people evolved into SanMiao (三苗) including Hmong, Hmu, A Hmao, and Kho (Qho) Xiong. NanMan were aboriginal tribes who lived in southwestern China including the Miao, the Kinh, the Thai, and some Tibeto-Burman groups such as the Bai all of which were related to the SanMiao to around the 3rd Century BC.
King ChengTang of Shang
1st/12 years (BC AYN 1677-BC AYN 1666) of the reign of ChengTang (成湯; “finished boil”) as the 1st ruling King of the Shang Dynasty (商朝) or Yin Dynasty (殷代: YinDai); “great, abundant or red replacement generation or era, who after 17 years as leader of the Shang (商) tribe (BC AYN 1694-BC AYN 1678), which is a Xia state. Tang (תענג) is his posthumous name (謚號) and his courtesy name (字) is TaiYi (太乙) defeated Xia and received his throne. Tang reigned 29 years total including 17 years as the leader of the Shang (商) tribe in Xia (夏) and 12 years as the leader of the Shang Dynasty. The clan totem of Shang is the bird or aves.
Two Shang empires:
ShangQiu (商丘); verb: to consult hill or elder, was an early capital during the reign of KongJia of Xia (孔甲). The name Shang literally means commerce, business or trade. According to a Shang poem XuanNiao (玄鳥) heaven commissioned the black bird to descend (in bodily shape) and give birth to Shang while long ago Di (帝) appointed the martial Tang (湯).
For divination the YiMin (夷民, ימין); the “archer or black bird people” of Shang used turtle shells called JiaGuWen (甲骨文) oracle bone inscriptions. This term “black bird people” has affinity with the Sumerian SAG.GI.GA (שג.גי.גא); “head or top [of the] earthling (people) black (hair)” or black headed people (includes most Asians). The characters written on the shells give us the earliest written records of China’s first civilization.
ChengTang’s (湯) father ZhuGui’s (主癸) given name is LuGui (履癸), appointed as vassal by the Xia King Jie for his contribution to his people. Tang’s (湯) given name is ZiLu (子履) is with an ancestor identified as YiLu (乙履, parallel constructee: Shem) who married JianDi (简狄), the daughter of GaoXin (高辛-氏: Shi; “clan” or “house”); the “3rd/5 Emperors DiKu’” (帝嚳, BC AYN 2393-BC AYN 2323), within the Universal Syphers™ considered the 1st/13 raven (רעון) generations.
YiLu (乙履; parallel constructee: Shem) is with a son called Yao SiTu (堯 司徒), the parallel constructee for Arpachshad, the 2nd/13 raven generations. Yao SiTu; “minister over the masses,” is 1/3 ducal or public ministers (三公: SanGong), appointed as vassal by the Xia King for his contribution to the people.
90st/137 years of the life of Levi (לוי), 13 raven generations since and with YiLu (乙履) and wife JianDi (简狄) is born a man called ZhuGui (主癸); LuGui (לו, 履癸), with parallel construction: Levi (לוי). LuGui (לו, 履癸, גוי) is the father of Tang, making Tang the 14th raven generation.
58th/133 years of the life of Kohath (קהת, the 14th raven generation), the 2nd son of Levi (לוי, the 13th raven generation) is with the Universal Syphers™ the 14th raven (רעון) generation since and with Shem (שם; YiLu & JianDi) the son of Noah (נוח), the same 14 generations and same year as the 1st/12 years (BC AYN 1677) of the reign of King Tang (湯); parallel constructing Kohath.
85th/110 year of the life of Joseph Zaphnath-paaneah (יוסף צפנת-פענח) whose namesake in Hebrew astrologically according to the prophecy of Jacob is that Joseph’s “bow abode in strength.” In Hebrew bow is qesheth (קשת; 弋: Yi); meaning: archer making Joseph-Sagittarius the archer concurrent with ShangYi (商夷) the Shang archer state.
Exodus 6:15: And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel (ימואל), and Jamin (וימין); "right hand," and Ohad (ואהד), and Jachin (ויכין), and Zohar (וצחר), and Shaul (ושאול) the son of a Canaanitish (הכנענית) woman: these are the families (משפחת) of Simeon.
The Biblical Jamin (ימין) is the 2nd son of Simeon (BC AYN 1767-BC AYN 1648), parallel constructs with Sulili #27, the progenitor of Kikkiya #28 the progenitor of Akiya #29 in the Assyrian kings list, the continuation of the Assyrian feudal culture specified in the Assyrian Standard Guideline.